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Timeline of major earthquakes in Pakistan: 1971-2015

Timeline of major earthquakes in Pakistan: 1971-2015

On October 26, 2015, a strong earthquake measuring 7.7 magnitude struck major cities of Pakistan, including the northern areas. Strong tremors were also felt in Kabul and New Delhi.

The quake, which lasted at least one minute, shook buildings in Islamabad, Kabul and New Delhi, sending people rushing into the streets.

Below is a timeline of all the major earthquakes that have struck Pakistan.

A massive earthquake struck Balochistan killing over 800 people, injuring hundreds and flattening thousands of houses in the southwestern province.

A strong earthquake measuring 7.9 magnitude hit Quetta, with tremors felt in different parts of Pakistan, Iran, India and some gulf countries. The epicentre of the earthquake lay in the Sarawan area of Iran which lies close to Pak-Iran border. About 34 people were reported killed while 80 were reported to be injured with some 10,000 houses damaged as a result of the quake.

An earthquake struck the Northern Areas of Pakistan including FATA, measuring 5.4 magnitude.

A 5.5-magnitude earthquake struck the northern areas of Pakistan, including FATA. The areas where the jolts were felt included Nowshera, Peshawar, Malakand, Shangla, various areas of Gilgit and Baltistan, Lower Dir and Khyber tribal regions.

A 5.8-magnitude earthquake struck the Hindu Kush region of Afghanistan and tremors were felt in parts of Pakistan.

A moderate earthquake measuring 5.7 magnitude jolted several parts of the country. Its epicentre was in Koh Hindukush, according to met office. The quake lasted a few seconds, but no casualties were reported.

An earthquake measuring 6.1 magnitude affected the northern areas of Islamabad, Rawalpindi, KP and Punjab. The epicentre was calculated as being 194 kilometres deep under the Hindukush range, while no losses were reported.

An earthquake of mild intensity hit Quetta and adjoining areas. No casualties were reported.

A medium magnitude earthquake shook parts of Sorab in Quetta. No casualties were reported.

A medium magnitude earthquake (measuring 4.5 magnitude) lasted for 30 seconds, and affected the areas of Quetta, Ziarat, Khanozai, Pishin, Harnai, Qila Abdullah and Toba Achakzai. The epicentre of the earthquake lay 90 kilometres from Quetta in Achakzai area of Ziarat District. No casualties were reported.

Mild shocks of earthquake jolted various parts of Khaber Pakhtunkwa and federal capital. The magnitude of the quake was recorded as 4.7 magnitude and its epicentre was 41 kilometres deep and 64 kilometres north west of Mansehra. No lives were lost.

Two simultaneous quakes shook Karachi in seven hours – the first measured 2.8 while the second measured 4.7 magnitude. No casualties were reported as a result of the quake.

Moderate tremors shook Islamabad and northern areas of Pakistan. The epicentre lay 188km North of Islamabad in Faizabad district.

Another earthquake measuring 7.4 magnitude shook Quetta with an epicentre located 1.5 kilometres northwest of Kharan district in Balochistan. Over 200 houses were damaged.

An earthquake measuring 7.2 magnitude hit areas in Southwest Pakistan, killing several people and damaging 200 buildings in Balochistan. The epicentre of the quake lay 50 kilometre west of Dalbandin.

Earthquake jolts were felt in different areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, Azad Kashmir and Islamabad. The earthquake measured 5.3.

An earthquake measuring 7.4 hit Karachi and lasted for about a minute. The quake, whose epicentre lay 55 kilometre west of Dalbandin, did not result in any casualties.

An earthquake measuring 6.4 in magnitude hit Quetta and the surrounding areas, killing a total of 160 people and injuring 370 others in Balochistan. Several houses were also destroyed as a result of the quake. The epicentre of the quake lay 60 kilometre northeast of Quetta.

An earthquake measuring 7.6 struck Kashmir and Northern areas. The earthquake resulted in more than 80,000 fatalities, 200,000 people injured and more than four million people left homeless. The main quake was followed by more than 978 aftershocks until October 27.

Two earthquakes – measuring 5.7 and 5.5 respectively – killed 24 people and injured 40 others in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (then NWFP) and the Northern Areas.

17 people were killed, and 30 injured, while about 1,500 people were rendered homeless as earthquakes measuring 5.1 on the Richter scale hit the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Tremors lasted about 37 seconds, and caused extensive damage in the region. Nineteen days later, another earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale hit Astore Valley, killing 23 people. Aftershocks and subsequent landslides hampered relief operations in the Northern Areas.

15 people were killed, and another 108 injured when an earthquake measuring 6.5 hit the entire Sindh province at about 8.20am. Tremors were felt throughout the province, from Karachi to Kashmore.

An earthquake measuring 4.5 hit the Salarzai village in the Bajaur tribal region, killing ten people.

An earthquake measuring 7.2 hit areas across Pakistan, and lasted for 30 – 90 seconds. The areas affected by the quake were Bolan, Jhal Magsi, Usta Mohammad, Sibi, Bugti and Marri tribal regions, as well as Mithri, whole of the Koh-i-Suleiman range, Chaman, Qila Abdullah, Qila Saifullah, Pishin, Ziarat, Mastung, Kalat, Sorab, Khuzdar in Balochistan. Tremors also felt in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Shujabad, leiah, Vehari, Sukkur, Rohri, Ghotki, Daharki, Ubaro, Liaquatpur, Jacobabad, Kandhkot, Dadu, Larkana, Warah, Shahdadkot and Kambar in Punjab and Sindh. Over 100 people were killed in the earthquake.

A moderate earthquake measuring 5.2 hit the areas of Mastung, Mongechar, Dera Murad Jamali, Chatar tehsil of Naseerabad Division in the foothills of Bugti mountains. The epicentre of the quake lay between Shahpur desert and Dera Bugti about 200 kilometres southeast of Quetta. It destroyed a dozen houses and left five people injured, including three children.

An earthquake of moderate intensity hit Peshawar. The epicentre of the quake lay 300 kilometres north of Peshawar in the Hindukush range. No lives were lost in the quake.

Quetta was hit by a severe earthquake but no lives were reportedly lost. The epicentre of the quake lay 7500 kilometres northwest of Quetta.

An earthquake of moderate intensity hit Murri Bagti with an epicentre which lay 140 miles south of Quetta in Suleman Range. No lives were lost, however.

One of the worst earthquakes hit Pakistan in the area of Pattan. Areas that were affected were Hazara, Hunza, Swat and KP. Measuring 7.4, the quake resulted in 5,300 dead, 17,000 injured, with 4400 houses destroyed.

An earthquake of severe intensity hit the northern areas of Pakistan (Peshawar, Rawalpindi, Multan, etc) and lasted for about 30 seconds. The epicentre of the earthquake was said to lie in the Hindukush mountains in Afghanistan. About four children were killed as a result, with damage to other buildings.

Tremors of moderate intensity hit Abbotabad. No loss of life was reported.

May 13, 1973

Mild intensity tremors were felt In Rawalpindi and Islamabad. No loss of life or property was reported.

Severe intensity tremors were felt in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Abbotabad and adjoining areas which lasted for several seconds. Though people fled the buildings in fear, no losses were reported.

An earthquake of mild intensity hit Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Abbotabad, Lahore and adjoining areas for about 18 seconds. No loss of life or property was reported after. However, the same day saw a moderate earthquake shake Sialkot, which lasted for about 50 seconds, causing cracks on buildings. No lives were lost.

An earthquake of severe intensity was reported in Peshawar and Rawalpindi. However, no loss of lives or property were immediately reported.

Abbotabad and some parts of Hazara were recipient of five moderate tremors. No loss of life was reported.

Tremors of moderate intensity were felt in Rawalpindi which lasted about 15 seconds. The epicentre of the tremors lay in Tarbela district. No loss of life was reported.

A powerful earthquake hit the region of Gilgit, killing over 100 people and destroying more than 1,000 houses.

Abbotabad was jolted six times by moderate tremors, which caused cracks in the buildings. No loss of life was reported. The epicentre of the quake lay 500 miles north-east of Quetta near Swat.

About seven tremors of moderate intensity were felt at intervals of 20s for a total of two minutes in Rawalpindi. No casualties were reported.

Compiled by Zohra Noushin Ahmed.

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