Italy opens legal battle to bring home marine barred from leaving IndiaArchive
THE HAGUE: Italy on Wednesday launched a legal battle at an international tribunal to bring home an Italian marine, barred from leaving India after the 2012 killing of two Indian fishermen who Rome says were mistaken for pirates.
Marine Salvatore Girone has been living in Italy’s embassy in New Delhi for several years and is banned from leaving the city pending resolution of a dispute which has soured bilateral ties.
Girone and fellow marine Massimiliano Latorre were arrested by Indian police in 2012, days after they shot at an Indian fishing boat, killing two fishermen, while protecting an Italian oil tanker as part of an anti-piracy mission off India’s southern Kerala coast.
The so-called “Enrica Lexie incident”, named after the oil tanker, is now subject to international arbitration in a bitter fight between the two countries.
Ties soured even further after the two marines overstayed a return trip to Italy they were allowed to make in early 2013 to vote in general elections.
Both marines were barred from leaving India again pending a trial, although they have not yet been officially charged according to Italian officials, a claim disputed by New Delhi’s representatives.
Latorre however was allowed to travel back to Italy in 2014 for medical treatment after he suffered a stroke, and Indian courts in January extended his permission to stay in Italy until April 30.
Girone however “is obliged to live thousands of kilometres away from his country and family, with two children still at a tender age” and is deprived of “his liberty”, Italian ambassador Francesco Azzarello told the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA).
“He has not been subjected to any charge... his rights are seriously suffering,” said Azzarello at the Hague-based arbitration body, set up in 1899 to rule in disputes between states and private entities.
Girone should be allowed to come home “pending the final determination of this tribunal,” Azzarello insisted at a rare public hearing at the court based in The Hague.Italy initiated arbitration proceedings last year and, in August a UN body, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), ordered India to suspend court proceedings against the pair.
Italy insists the Enrica Lexie was in international waters at the time of the incident and that Indian courts did not have the jurisdiction to put the men on trial as they were “state officials”.
India argues the case is not a maritime dispute but “a double murder at sea” in which one fisherman was shot in the head and the other in the chest.
India’s representative Neeru Chadha told the five-member arbitration panel that the two marines were in fact facing charges before Indian courts.
“As a matter of fact, as soon as Sergeant Girone was arrested he was informed of the charges against him,” added another Indian representative, J.S.
Mukul, who said Italy is “now unfairly alleging that no charges have been brought”.
The dragging case has become a political hot-button issue in Italy with Prime Minister Matteo Renzi regularly flayed by opposition leaders for failing to secure the release of both men.
Azzarello said on Thursday that Italy “gives the solemn undertaking” the marines will be returned to India if the PCA orders Rome to do so.
Published in Dawn, March 31st, 2016